It was obvious to me then, that to reinforce, or join a steel "I" beam the gusset plate should be of the same thickness or strength as the "I" beam you are joining otherwise you get the "weak link" syndrome. I was there with John Vigiano at the time and I pointed it out to him. However we are both fireman and not learnard engineers. I don't know if that is the same problem that was just found, but it looks the same to me. See the "WTC Girder is a Key to Collapse Puzzle" The whole place was a crime scene and in my opinion they were in a big hurry to get rid of all the evidance.
Baumann was appointed to FAO as a dispatcher. The Chronicle - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. Top photo displays the wind-up key. The last alarm transmitted over the old system was station for a car fire on 5th Avenue. In addition, Dunlap refused to put another cent into Gamewell's fire box system.
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Fire showing from the apartment window on arrival of this all hands fire in Firefighter Video by Jason Thomas May 30, pm. Only 1 Bangladesh ass Firefighter Video by Jason Thomas Jun 24, am. Authenticity Dsipatch. Firefighter Video by Jason Thomas Jun 1, pm. At the Vintage fire alarm dispatch office video, this school was considered a crown jewel for Akron Public Schools. Firefighter Spot. Buy It Now. When the cire is pulled, it rings the manual brass bell and triggers the activation switch to signal the electric fire alarm bells that are installed throughout the school. No Preference. Search for: Begin typing your search above and press return to search.
Billy Goldfeder shares how a historic fire alarm system saved lives and property in Jeannette, PA.
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- Heavy fire showing from the windows.
- The pull rod is hooked to a manual, Reiter, brass trip bell and an activation switch that is wired to an electric Autocall fire alarm system.
In the Board of Fire Wardens employed two watchmen to patrol the streets at night and search for fires.
Once a fire was discovered the rest of the firemen were summoned by large noisemakers called rattles. Loud clacking sounds were made when the men twirled the rattle in their hands. The first improvement in this system was the muffin bell. These were composed of two brass saucer shaped halves with a clapper between them attached to a turned wooden handle.
By swinging the handle and bell back and forth, the watchmen could create loud clanging sounds. As the town enlarged, persons living far from the center of town had trouble hearing rattles and muffin bells. Rattle -- Dayspring Collection. Muffin Bell -- Dayspring Collection. In , Church Bells were called upon to summon firemen. The first one used was St.
Passaic County Historical Society. Courtesy Jim Eifler. New signal boxes were from time to time added in localities needing them, as frequency of alarm stations enhanced the chances for early alarms.
Guardian - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. Courtesy Dennis Morrison. Zeluff served as Assistant Chief in James F. Zeluff - Eifler Collection. Eifler Collection. Zeluff had been a member and president of Neptune Engine Company 2. Morning Call - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. April 28, Guardian - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. The Superintendent of Fire Alarm Telegraph shall have entire charge and control of the fire alarm telegraph, subject to such rules and regulations as may be made from time to time by the committee.
He shall at all times have the telegraph apparatus in perfect order, and any neglect so to do shall be deemed cause for dismissal. He shall promptly report to the chief engineer.
In such report he shall state what amount of delay will occur in repairing the same, and when repaired he shall see that the chief engineer has notice of the fact. October 5, Aldermen discuss what to do about the Bell Strikers in churches. September 6, The first alarm sent over the "still" system, meaning the big bells were not sounded was box Once the signal reached the Fire Alarm Office located at the originally at 10 Hotel Street firehouse an operator would transmit it to the firehouses or bells located in the Chiefs homes.
By counting the number of times the bell was struck or sounded the firemen knew where to respond Within firehouses were gongs, many encased within oak cases, to sound the alarm. There were mechanisms "jokers" in the firehouses which automatically opened the stable doors when an alarm sounded allowing the horses to run to the front of the apparatus immediately.
February 10, Great fire destroys City Hall and the fire alarm system. The keys for the boxes were kept in nearby buildings, meaning a person had to obtain the key before sounding the alarm. March 27, FAO receives a register. Paterson News - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. The Chronicle - Courtesy Dennis Morrison. Morning Call - Courtesy Jim Eifler. Chronical - Courtesy Dennis Morrison.
A small folding pamphlet listing Paterson Fire Alarm Boxes - 2. Dayspring Collection. Zeluff John Beirne Henry A.
There have been four Superintendents of Fire Alarm in the paid department starting with James Zeluff. The position was eliminated in the s. Fancy oak cased gong photo courtesy of the Moore Family:? Moore Photo. Dayspring Photo. The gong below was installed in the new Fire Headquarters at Van Houten Street and served until Note wind up key protruding thru glass door -- Dayspring Collection.
Guardian: Curtesy Dennis Morrison. Notice the unique hat badge. Daniel Moore. Ultimately Station would be placed there.
Morning Call - courtesy Dennis Morrison. Morning Call courtesy Dennis Morrison. March 18, Article from the Chronicle which explains in depth the fire alarm system. News clips courtesy researcher Dennis Morrison. October 14, Obituary of former Superintendent James Zeluff. April 9, Fire Alarm Office at City Hall gets a new repeater repeating the one installed in James Kennedy had become acting chief 9 hours before issuing this order sudden death of Chief James troy. The all-clear signal on gong received PM.
Engine 4 on Slater Street Watch Desk s. Sitting at desk. Courtesy Joseph Forbes. Four rounds are transmitted for a street box or a city box within a building.
If a still alarm requires a full box assignment, two rounds are tapped out and the first due company is notified by phone. Second, third and 4th alarm signals are , , followed by the box number. A general alarm is ten consecutive taps followed by the box number. A second alarm response is two engines and one truck, a third and fourth alarm two engines each and a fifth general alarm is 4 engines and one truck. Notice in the alarm book below that company response is listed in numerical order whereas in the version, companies are listed as first, second and third due.
Note the "19" stations above. Their request was fulfilled. Below was a Gamewell box from St Joseph's Hospital. Prior to when bells were still operative in Paterson firehouses, although signal would be received in FAO, station would be sounded on FH gongs. Once voice alarms went in effect in SJH became station A first alarm response was 4 engine and two truck companies.
Vince Marchese collection. The last alarm transmitted over the old system was station for a car fire on 5th Avenue. All of the old fire alarm boxes were replaced with yellow boxes inside of which is a telephone.
This enabled a citizen to speak directly with a fire alarm operator. The dispatcher then communicates with the different firehouses directly over a speaker system. Standing is Captain Earl Plavier. Chief's officers had alarm bells installed in their homes. Top photo displays the wind-up key. Hancock Collection. All fire alarm stations were renumbered and company assignments reorganized;. January 30, - Chief's order notification of Alarm dispatching to be done via computers.
In the early days of the paid department, there were 8 Engine companies, one chemical company and 3 Truck Companies. As the department expanded to 12 Engine Companies by and 13 by , 4th and as they were called "General Alarms " technically a 5th became possible.
Currently, the term General Alarm is never used except perhaps descriptively "after the fire. There was no such thing as a 6th or higher alarm. Technically, a 3rd alarm now depletes all Paterson Companies; and mutual aid companies start to cover vacated firehouses.
When that happens a 4th Alarm is transmitted. However unlike earlier days, no on scene Chief gets on the radio and requests a "General Alarm.
They only "count" the alarm if they were assigned to the fire scene. So is no uniform way of counting the of alarms, and every department counts it differently. The general alarm may be a term used for reports and for press releases, but as noted it is not used when requesting additional companies.
Thus current understanding of the term General Alarm is when all Paterson Companies are depleted and mutual aid companies are deployed to the fire regardless of whether it technically was a 4th, 5th, 6th or higher alarm fire. The phrase or term general alarm may used for reports and for press releases, but it is not used when requesting additional companies.
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Close Calls: “It’s a Box Alarm!”
Billy Goldfeder shares how a historic fire alarm system saved lives and property in Jeannette, PA. Strike the box! Pull the box! Box the still! We have a box! Box it, baby!
Gimme a box! Mutual-aid box alarm! Strike out the box…. This Close Call is all about how a very old but still very reliable street corner fire alarm box and its box alarm system made a huge difference in one community.
According to the book Fire Alarm! Back then, organized fire companies used church bells to alert the firefighters of a fire. Other means to notify firefighters of a fire ranged from shooting guns to using moose horns to hitting old railroad locomotive tires with a hammer.
Some towns had night watchmen who would patrol the streets. Upon discovering a fire, they would shake a wooden rattle that was, evidently, loud enough to wake people. Upon hearing the rattle, the homeowners would throw their leather buckets outside for volunteers to pick up and start a bucket brigade.
William Ellery Channing, a physician from Massachusetts, is credited with the design of the first telegraph fire alarm box system in the mids. He envisioned a system of fire boxes and overhead telegraph lines leading to a central fire alarm office. He tried to convince the City of Boston to consider a system like this, but the city turned down his idea.
Channing partnered with Moses G. Farmer who was considered by many to be an expert electrical mechanic. In , the City of Boston decided to investigate the potential of this new fire alarm system, and the City Council later voted for funds to construct two of the bell-striking machines that would strike the bells from distant points.
Gamewell did not fare very well. He sold only a few systems, and with the start of the Civil War, focus shifted. In addition, Dunlap refused to put another cent into Gamewell's fire box system.
During the Civil War, the government confiscated all of the patents for the fire alarm box system. Penniless, Gamewell moved his family to Hackensack, NJ, in Meanwhile, other fire alarm companies were forming. But it was Gamewell's company that ended up capturing about 95 percent of the total market.
Simply put, each box has a unique number assigned to it, and within the box is a system that transmits that number. When pulled, bells in firehouses immediately rang the box number and the firefighters counted the bells and compared it to a chart indicating the box location.
Thus, there is still a need for these boxes. Covering a population of about 10, people, the City of Jeannette Fire Department FDCJ has both career staffing and paid on-call firefighters responding to approximately 1, calls annually out of one station. Any working fire receives automatic response of off-duty personnel as well as a mutual-aid ladder, engine, and air and salvage truck.
On Feb. Within 2 minutes, the captain and firefighter on duty had responded to the box where they found three teenagers stating that their house was on fire a few houses past the box. Upon investigation, smoke was found coming from the open front door of a two-story, wood-frame home.
The alarm was upgraded to a working fire, bringing the tower ladder and an outside engine company for the city cover assignment, and the duty crew made entry to investigate with a thermal imaging camera, water can and irons.
A working fire was located on the first floor with some minor extension into the balloon-frame exterior wall of the bathroom. This was quickly dug out and extinguished with the water can, preventing any fire extension. Companies did further work to ensure that the fire was out. One of the teenagers stated that he had been awoken by the hardwired smoke detectors that are required in all rental properties within the city, and when he awoke, the house was full of smoke.
He attempted to call for help but his cell phone was dead and there was no landline phone in the residence. He made his way downstairs where he could see the fire burning on the first floor. He then exited out the front door, ran to the municipal fire box across the street, and pulled the hook of the year-old box.
A combination of a community-based proactive fire prevention, inspection programs and fire protection systems did exactly what they were always intended to do—save lives and property! The system was expanded citywide in , but history is hard to trace prior to the establishment of the paid fire department in There is evidence that the first fire boxes were installed in the downtown area well before the citywide expansion.
Jeannette still has about a half a dozen of these Excelsior model boxes on the streets today from the original install in , and the department believes that the city is the only municipality in the country that still has this type of box in service. Starting with the expansion, six-inch gongs were installed in all full-time and call firefighters homes, and they all had a card listing the box numbers so that they knew the area to respond to for a fire.
The system was expanded and updated over the years, originally by city electricians, fire department personnel and, in later years, a contracted electrician. Today there are approximately boxes in service citywide on six different fire alarm circuits. This feature is not as important as it was in the days before cell phones and radios, but there are still a handful of members who still have gongs in their homes.
The FDCJ is well known by Gamewell enthusiasts as an operating Gamewell museum and get several visits each year by people wanting to see the system. Master boxes are boxes that are tied to a building fire alarm or sprinkler system, and they will automatically trip upon any fire alarm or water flow at that location. These boxes account for about 90 percent of the automatic fire alarms to which the department responds within the city, and are still the fastest means for an automatic alarm to get to the fire department.
The FDCJ has been to locations that are dual monitored with a master box and an alarm company, and have actually handled the call and returned to quarters before getting the alarm company call from ! As you can imagine, like any other once-booming industrial town that has suffered through the closing of plants and industry, Jeannette is working with a slim budget.
In , the mayor and city manager were faced with a decision—to fix the system or pull the plug. When they brought in an electrical contractor for a meeting, they were told that all new wiring would need to be strung, costing tens of thousands of dollars.
Knowing the benefits of keeping the system, FDCJ Captain Bill Frye, with the support of Fire Chief Vance Phillips, met with the mayor and city manager and assured them that they can make the system percent again at a fraction of the cost if they turned the maintenance responsibility back over to the fire department. In August , city leaders agreed and Phillips appointed Frye as the superintendent of fire alarms for the city.
Today, the fire department maintains the alarm, with Frye overseeing the project and a few other firefighters assisting with pulling new wire or other maintenance issues that need to be handled.
They are still adding new master boxes to this day. During the mass confusion and hundreds of calls coming out, we began receiving box 16 at South Fifth and Cassett. We responded to the box to find a group of people there pointing at a house along the flooded creek. There we saw a young mother and her three kids on a porch roof because the first floor of their house was under water and the sandstone foundation was being washed out.
We set up our tower ladder at the edge of the flood waters and reached over to pick them off to safety. Afterward, the bystanders who pulled the box told us that they were trying to call for several minutes and were getting a busy signal so they pulled the nearby box. Additionally, in April , we had what would be the largest fire in the last decade in the downtown area; it was reported by a street box pull.
Just before midnight, box 18 began ringing, and when the engine turned onto the avenue, heavy smoke was pouring from the block. Crews were already on scene and stretching the first line when radioed that they had received reports of a fire on the block. This building was heavily involved upon arrival and attached to a block of other buildings. It could have proved catastrophic to our downtown business district if the alarm was delayed. Often for citizens or city politicians who may not understand the importance of the system or how it works, we just simply walk them to a master box located on a commercial structure across the street from the station, which is monitored by both master box and outside alarm company.
With the garage door open to the station, I ask them to take notice of the time it takes the master box to alert our station, compared to the time the center receives a activation from the monitored alarm company. Roughly 3 to 4 minutes later, will call on the radio, letting me know they received that alarm.
In other words, box sounded the horns 9 times … pause … then 3 times, etc. Those horns are very loud and easily heard miles away. In addition, they have bells and punch tape to identify the location of the box. In the s, one of my responsibilities as a chief officer was communications for a pretty large county—large in both land and population. That was a time when everyone and their brother was trying to sell us computer-aided dispatch CAD systems.
But I found that these systems could actually delay the processing of fire and emergency calls. At that point, I was very proud of our dispatchers, who could process fire- and EMS-related calls in about 30—40 seconds, so why we would purchase a CAD system that slowed that down?
Many jurisdictions bought CAD systems because it does all kinds of great stuff, but few pay attention to the fact that when their dispatcher takes a call using paper and pencil, the call is processed within seconds. The quicker we get there and do our jobs, the better it is for those who called us to begin with.
The only reason people call is because things are going really bad, and we have an obligation to serve them with equipment that expedites that help, not slow it down. Make sure the CAD system gets the needed help to that child choking, that person struck or that family whose home is on fire—quickly! At the end of the day, getting help to those in need as quickly and successfully as we possibly can is pretty much why we exist.
The FDCJ has both career staffing and paid on-call firefighters responding to approximately 1, calls annually out of one station. This box helped a teenager alert the fire department about a fire at his residence in Jeannette, PA.
The fire alarm box circled was a short distance to the fire, the brown structure. Billy Goldfeder. May 1, Join Thousands of Fellow Followers Login or register now to gain instant access to the rest of this premium content!
The incident On Feb. Maintaining the system As you can imagine, like any other once-booming industrial town that has suffered through the closing of plants and industry, Jeannette is working with a slim budget.