Chat with us in Facebook Messenger. Find out what's happening in the world as it unfolds. Photos: Same-sex marriage in the U. Carlos McKnight of Washington waves a flag in support of same-sex marriage outside the U. Supreme Court on June 26,
Source: nytimes. For a rundown of the history of same-sex marriage in certain countries, see a list of page beginning with "Same-sex marriage". Lew said in a statement. Retrieved April 6, Legislation or binding domestic court ruling establishing same-sex marriage, but marriage is not yet provided for. ABC News.
Delta zeta sorority florida. History of the Same-Sex Marriage Debate
November 7, Get Listed. Otter upheld by the Ninth Natalie weston pictorial nude. It Adult ld not taken a position with respect to similar marriages in Arkansas The legalization of same sex marriage to the Obergefell decision legalizing and recognizing same-sex marriages in all fifty states. By legalkzation time of the census, there were 72, declared sa,e couples — 0. Archived from the original on October 26, Alabama Today. Retrieved April 11, Another on the list of why same sex marriage should be legal reasons has to do with children and family stability. February 24, Retrieved October 21, Perry to the U. Share this article on. Accessed 24 October
Same-sex marriage , the practice of marriage between two men or between two women.
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Prior to their decision, same-sex marriage was already legal in 37 states and Washington DC, but was banned in the remaining Proponents of legal gay marriage contend that gay marriage bans are discriminatory and unconstitutional, and that same-sex couples should have access to all the benefits enjoyed by different-sex couples. Opponents contend that marriage has traditionally been defined as being between one man and one woman, and that marriage is primarily for procreation.
Did You Know? On May 17, , the first legal gay marriage in the United States was performed in Cambridge, MA between Tanya McCloskey, a massage therapist, and Marcia Kadish, an employment manager at an engineering firm. The world's first legal gay marriage ceremony took place in the Netherlands on Apr. The four couples, one female and three male, were married in a televised ceremony officiated by the mayor of Amsterdam. The Congressional Budget Office estimated on Dec.
An Oct. Proper citation depends on your preferred or required style manual. Here are the proper bibliographic citations for this page according to four style manuals in alphabetical order :.
Skip to content. Gay Marriage. Should Gay Marriage Be Legal? On July 25, Miami-Dade County Circuit Court Judge Sarah Zabel ruled Florida's gay marriage ban unconstitutional and stated that the ban "serves only to hurt, to discriminate, to deprive same-sex couples and their families of equal dignity, to label and treat them as second-class citizens, and to deem them unworthy of participation in one of the fundamental institutions of our society.
We have joined together to recognize equality for racial minorities, women, people with disabilities, immigrants As explained by David S.
Nancy, a woman, can marry Tom, but Bill, a man, cannot Nancy can do something marry Tom that Bill cannot, simply because Nancy is a woman and Bill is a man. Pro 2 Same-sex couples should have access to the same benefits enjoyed by heterosexual married couples. There are 1, benefits, rights and protections available to married couples in federal law alone, according to a General Accounting Office assessment made in Harvard University historian Nancy F.
Cott stated that until two centuries ago, "monogamous households were a tiny, tiny portion" of the world's population, and were found only in "Western Europe and little settlements in North America.
LaFleur that the "freedom of personal choice in matters of marriage and family life is one of the liberties protected by the Due Process Clause. Pro 5 Marriage is an internationally recognized human right for all people.
Since the US Supreme Court has declared 14 times that marriage is a fundamental right for all, according to the American Foundation for Equal Rights. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. Non-discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation has therefore become an internationally recognized principle.
Pro 6 Same-sex marriage is a civil right. Virginia that marriage is "one of the basic civil rights of man. Pro 7 Marriage is not only for procreation, otherwise infertile couples or couples not wishing to have children would be prevented from marrying.
Ability or desire to create offspring has never been a qualification for marriage. Pro 8 Gay marriages can bring financial gain to federal, state, and local governments and can help boost the economy. Government revenue from marriage comes from marriage licenses, higher income taxes in some circumstances the so-called "marriage penalty" , and decreases in costs for state benefit programs. Pro 9 Gay couples make good parents.
A June peer-reviewed University of Melbourne study showed that children raised by same-sex parents score about six percent higher than the general population on measures of general health and family cohesion.
Pro 10 Gay marriage bans cause humiliation and uncertainty for children being raised by same-sex couples. In ruling Texas' gay marriage ban unconstitutional, San Antonio-based federal judge Orlando Garcia stated that the ban "causes needless stigmatization and humiliation for children being raised by the loving same-sex couples being targeted. Pro 11 Marriage provides both physical and psychological health benefits, and banning gay marriage increases rates of psychological disorders.
A study published on Apr. Rather, anthropological research supports the conclusion that a vast array of family types, including families built upon same-sex partnerships, can contribute to stable and humane societies. Pro 13 Gay marriage legalization is correlated with lower divorce rates, while gay marriage bans are correlated with higher divorce rates. Massachusetts, which became the first US state to legalize gay marriage in , had the lowest divorce rate in the country in Alaska, which altered its constitution to prohibit gay marriage in , saw a The seven states with the highest divorce rates between and all had constitutional prohibitions to gay marriage.
Pro 14 Legal marriage is a secular institution that should not be limited by religious objections to same-sex marriage. Religious institutions can decline to marry gay and lesbian couples if they wish, but they should not dictate marriage laws for society at large.
As explained by People for the American Way, "As a legal matter, marriage is a civil institution Marriage is also a religious institution, defined differently by different faiths and congregations.
In America, the distinction can get blurry because states permit clergy to carry out both religious and civil marriage in a single ceremony. Religious Right leaders have exploited that confusion by claiming that granting same-sex couples equal access to civil marriage would somehow also redefine the religious institution of marriage Schwarzenegger that "[c]ivil law has always been supreme in defining and regulating marriage. Pro 15 Many religious leaders and churches support gay marriage and say it is consistent with scripture.
And they [religious people] see that love in our families, and I think people can't help but be supportive. The United Church of Christ General Synod voted in July to affirm "equal marriage rights for couples regardless of gender. Con 1 The institution of marriage has traditionally been defined as being between a man and a woman.
Sutton wrote that "marriage has long been a social institution defined by relationships between men and women. So long defined, the tradition is measured in millennia, not centuries or decades. So widely shared, the tradition until recently had been adopted by all governments and major religions of the world. Nelson, the Supreme Court of Minnesota found that "the institution of marriage as a union of man and woman, uniquely involving the procreation and rearing of children within a family, is as old as the book of Genesis.
Harvey, MA, STL, late Catholic priest, wrote in July that "Throughout the history of the human race the institution of marriage has been understood as the complete spiritual and bodily communion of one man and one woman. Con 2 Marriage is for procreation and should not be extended to same-sex couples because they cannot produce children together. Allowing gay marriage would only further shift the purpose of marriage from producing and raising children to adult gratification.
Same-sex couples can never provide a child with both her biological mother and her biological father. Seemingly infertile heterosexual couples sometimes produce children, and medical advances may allow others to procreate in the future. Heterosexual couples who do not wish to have children are still biologically capable of having them, and may change their minds.
Con 3 Children need both a mother and a father. Girls who are raised apart from their fathers are reportedly at higher risk for early sexual activity and teenage pregnancy. I don't want to see children being engineered for same-sex couples where there is either a mom missing or a dad missing. Dobson, Founder and Chairman of Focus on the Family, predicted in that legalizing same-sex marriage will enable "group marriage," "marriage between daddies and little girls," and "marriage between a man and his donkey.
Con 5 Allowing gay couples to wed could further weaken the institution of marriage. Anderson, William E. Redefining marriage to include same-sex relationships is the culmination of this revisionism, and it would leave emotional intensity as the only thing that sets marriage apart from other bonds.
Con 6 Homosexuality is immoral and unnatural. Matt Barber, Associate Dean for Online Programs at Liberty University School of Law, stated that "Every individual engaged in the homosexual lifestyle, who has adopted a homosexual identity, they know, intuitively, that what they're doing is immoral, unnatural, and self-destructive, yet they thirst for that affirmation. Marriage is holy, while homosexual acts go against the natural moral law. Con 7 Gay marriage is contrary to the word of God and is incompatible with the beliefs, sacred texts, and traditions of many religious groups.
The Bible, in Leviticus , states: "Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is abomination," thus condemning homosexual relationships. No ideology can erase from the human spirit the certainty that marriage exists solely between a man and a woman…" [ 54 ] Pope Benedict stated in Jan. Maryland ended health insurance benefits for new domestic partnerships after same-sex marriage became legal in the state in Con 9 Gay marriage will accelerate the assimilation of gays into mainstream heterosexual culture to the detriment of the homosexual community.
The gay community has created its own vibrant culture. By reducing the differences in opportunities and experiences between gay and heterosexual people, this unique culture may cease to exist. Lesbian activist M. Lee Badgett, PhD, Director of the Center for Public Policy and Administration at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, stated that for many gay activists "marriage means adopting heterosexual forms of family and giving up distinctively gay family forms and perhaps even gay and lesbian culture.
Con 10 Marriage is an outmoded, oppressive institution that should be weakened, not expanded. LGBT lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender activist collective Against Equality states that "Gay marriage apes hetero privilege The family is the microcosm of oppression.
Con 11 People should not have their tax dollars used to support something they believe is wrong. Peter S. Sprigg, MDiv, Senior Fellow for Policy Studies at the Family Research Council, said that if gay marriage were legalized, "[t]axpayers, consumers, and businesses would be forced to subsidize homosexual relationships One of the key arguments often heard in support of homosexual civil marriage revolves around all the government 'benefits' that homosexuals claim they are denied.
Many of these 'benefits' involve one thing—taxpayer money that homosexuals are eager to get their hands on. On Dec. Con 12 Marriage is a privilege, not a right. The US Constitution contains no explicit right to marry. The Illinois Family Institute states that if gay marriage is legalized, "Children will be taught that homosexuality is morally equivalent to heterosexuality They will be taught that opposition to both was motivated by ignorance and hatred.
To be brainwashed to think that homosexuality is the moral equivalent of heterosexuality.
Rochester, N. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. Supreme Court agreed to hear appeals from that circuit's decision. Since July 9, , married same-sex couples throughout the United States have had equal access to all the federal benefits that married opposite-sex couples have. Public opinion of same-sex marriage in the United States has shifted rapidly since polling of the American people regarding the issue first began on an occasional basis in the s and a regular basis in the s, with support having consistently risen while opposition has continually fallen.
The legalization of same sex marriage. Library catalog on Thursday, August 18th
Same-Sex Marriage: Global Comparisons | Council on Foreign Relations
It is only fitting to end this timeline with the following quote from that decision:. In forming a marital union, two people become something greater than once they were. As some of the petitioners in these cases demonstrate, marriage embodies a love that may endure even past death.
It would misunderstand these men and women to say they disrespect the idea of marriage. Their plea is that they do respect it, respect it so deeply that they seek to find its fulfillment for themselves. Their hope is not to be condemned to live in loneliness, excluded from one of civilization's oldest institutions. They ask for equal dignity in the eyes of the law. The Constitution grants them that right. Georgetown Law Library Guides U. Search this Guide Search. A Brief History of Civil Rights in the United States This guide offers a history of various movements by citizens in the United States to gain political and social freedom and equality.
It highlights resources available through the library and also offers a list of current civil rights organizations. Texas Proposition 8 Obergefell v. The Timeline: - A same-sex couple in Minnesota applies for a marriage license. They are denied and their case goes to the state Supreme Court. Nebraska voters approve a state constitutional ban on same-sex marriage - Nevada votes to approve a state constitutional ban on same-sex marriage - A proposed amendment to the federal Constitution is introduced to the House of Representatives.
It would define marriage as only between a man and a woman. The U. Supreme Court decides Lawrence v. Texas , striking down sodomy law and enshrining a broad constitutional right to sexual privacy. President Bush states that he wants marriage reserves for heterosexuals and the Massachusetts Supreme Court hands down a decision that makes Massachusetts the first state to legalize gay marriage.
Portland, Oregon also begins issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. The proposed constitutional amendment with the same-sex ban dies in the U.
Senate after testimony against it from conservative politicians. Missouri votes to ban same-sex marriage. Washington state says yes to same-sex marriage in a court decision while the California Supreme Court voids same-sex marriages. Several states pass initiatives to ban same-sex marriages.
California's legislature attempts to pass a law legalizing same-sex unions but it is vetoed by the governor. Connecticut becomes the second state to approve same-sex unions. This leads to California voters approving a constitutional ban on same-sex marriage. Florida and Arizona voters do the same. Vermont's legislature legalizes same-sex marriages. Maine and New Hampshire follow suit, though Maine voters later repeal the state law allowing same-sex marriage.
New York legalizes same-sex marriage. Washington state, Maine, and Maryland legalize same-sex marriage by popular vote. It also decides the Prop 8 defenders lack standing, clearing the way for same-sex unions to be legalized in California. The IRS recognizes same-sex married couples.
Utah's same-sex marriage ban is found unconstitutional. The Presbyterian church votes to allow same-sex ceremonies. Supreme Court makes same-sex marriages legal in all 50 states in Obergefell v. These guides may be used for educational purposes, as long as proper credit is given. These guides may not be sold. Any comments, suggestions, or requests to republish or adapt a guide should be submitted using the Research Guides Comments form.
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