Billions worldwide are infected with tropical worms. What may surprise many is that worms also cause the majority of cases of some cancers in these countries. Published in Frontiers in Medicine as a special article collection on parasite-associated malignancy, new research aims to inform prevention and treatment -- and perhaps even turn worms against cancer. Over a million worm species are classified as helminths. A single characteristic unites them: parasitism.
A single characteristic Parasites in womens breasts them: parasitism. Living Well. You must be logged in to post a comment. Lymph edema and elephantiasis are the predominant manifestations. A prospective descriptive study carried out in the Radiology Department somens the University College Hospital between and Informed consent was obtained from the identified women; after Parasktes an assisted questionnaire was administered before a physical examination was performed. The mass was clinically diagnosed by the Surgeon who examined her as a case of right breast cancer and an excisional biopsy was done. My brother was recently telling Parasites in womens breasts of a news story Parasites in womens breasts heard regarding a flesh-eating bacteria found in new clothing shipments to the USA. Records show that the skin over the parasitic nodule may be hyperaemic Padasites changes of Blonde fuckin black d'orange and axillary nodal enlargement which may mimic a suspicious breast lesion. These are the first pictures I have seen regarding that very subject.
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Off-duty cop opens fire on armed robbers. Protester gets a bullet removed out of his head. My caring assistants and Parasites in womens breasts are here to answer your questions and help you choose a program that best fits your goals. Treat them while you are doing First her lesbian sample sex cleanse. The linked video, which is authentic, albeit completely unrelated Parasites in womens breasts the text and image. Lynch could not diagnose the infection and told Susan to seek the aid of one of his colleagues who specializes in dermatology. Other Pictures The breast rash picture and the story of the woman also circulated with many other severely disturbing pictures like shown in this article. As is clear on the picture, however, it was taken by Michael Bohne of the U. It had my head fucked up to. Easy-access downloads let greasts quickly download hi-res, non-watermarked images. It also recommends ironing underwear for the same reason. The EZA account womenw not a breasgs. I'm sorry to break it to you. We get them from other people. Standard editorial rights.
- Some examples are given below.
- This picture was spread to everyone and every women in the world through email
- Parasites Infesting the Breast- Truth!
- Your Easy-access EZA account allows those in your organization to download content for the following uses:.
After anthropologist Susan McKinley came back home from an expedition in South America, she noticed a very strange rash on her left breast. Nobody knew what it was and she quickly dismissed it believing that the sores would leave in time. Upon her return she decided to see a doctor after she started developing intense pains. The doctor, not knowing the exact severity of the case, gave her antibiotics and special creams. Lynch could not diagnose the infection and told Susan to seek the aid of one of his colleagues who specialized in dermatology whom was sadly on vacation.
She waited for two weeks and finally was able to reach the dermatologist. Sadly, a life changing event was about to unfold during her appointment. Sometimes these wicked creatures would all together simultaneously move around into different crevices. The holes were 5 cm deep. She was operated on and the larva was removed from her breast. Therefore always take a slight rash serious and have the eggs removed before it is too late. Cheers and may the creatures leave you in peace. My brother was recently telling me of a news story he heard regarding a flesh-eating bacteria found in new clothing shipments to the USA.
These are the first pictures I have seen regarding that very subject. After seeing the attached photos, I understand the gravity of what he was telling me. This is something that is a very real and very serious concern as you will see. Or spinning them in the dryer. This is sensitive. Please share with as many women and men that you know. Our undergarments are made in different parts of the country, sit in boxes and go through many hands and exchanges before we purchase them for ourselves.
The attached photos are not for the weak hearted. Warning : Graphic pictures in this article. The disturbing picture of what is shown as human breast infestation of parasitic larva has been shared widely online with various versions of stories attached to it. Let us analyze the facts! The popular story about the picture says a woman anthropologist Susan McKinley got infected with parasites due to wearing a damp bra after she returned from an expedition in South America.
It is said that the woman neglected it for normal rash in the beginning and up on consulting, a doctor found larva growing and squirming within the pores and sores of her breast. The image went viral online soon and sent out warning to women. Our search for a female anthropologist named Susan McKinley who got infested with larvae in her breast did not yield any credible reports. If the case were true, the unusual breast rash condition would have been documented in medical journals and reported by media outlets.
The picture associated with various stories has been around since at least and is not real. Around , the above picture was shared with an extended version of the story.
It was said the woman neglected the infection for breast rash and ended up with severely infested larva in her breast. The video that also went viral is available for download in the PubMed Central journal article , and it is genuine, but it is not related to the picture and story in question. The video shows the case of a 70 year old Nigerian woman suffered itchy, multiple discharging sinuses in her right breast, and the sinuses contained wriggling larvae of C.
The medical condition Cutaneous myiasis of the breast is very rare. Cordylobia anthropophaga is a large, brownish yellow fly found widely in tropical Africa, and it can deposit eggs on clothing saturated with perspiration and soiled diapers. So as a safety measure, it is important to maintain healthy personal hygiene, also washing clothes thoroughly and drying and ironing them. The breast rash picture and the story of the woman also circulated with many other severely disturbing pictures like shown in this article.
The other pictures appear to be genuine, showing some kind of medical condition s , perhaps breast cancers, but definitely not infections caused by simply wearing unwashed undergarments. A manipulated image of human breast infested with larvae appeared online, it was shared through emails and on other online platforms — with many fabricated hoax stories saying it is the result of wearing unwashed undergarments.
Although the story is a hoax, it is definitely a healthy habit to maintain a good personal hygiene, also to wash, dry and iron your clothes, undergarments especially.
You must be logged in to post a comment. Other Versions 1. Analysis: Warning : Graphic pictures in this article The disturbing picture of what is shown as human breast infestation of parasitic larva has been shared widely online with various versions of stories attached to it. Popular Story The popular story about the picture says a woman anthropologist Susan McKinley got infected with parasites due to wearing a damp bra after she returned from an expedition in South America.
About the Picture The picture associated with various stories has been around since at least and is not real. Lotus Seed Pod Other Stories Around , the above picture was shared with an extended version of the story. Cutaneous Myiasis of the Breast Caution Cordylobia anthropophaga is a large, brownish yellow fly found widely in tropical Africa, and it can deposit eggs on clothing saturated with perspiration and soiled diapers.
Other Pictures The breast rash picture and the story of the woman also circulated with many other severely disturbing pictures like shown in this article.
In Short A manipulated image of human breast infested with larvae appeared online, it was shared through emails and on other online platforms — with many fabricated hoax stories saying it is the result of wearing unwashed undergarments.
Hoax or Fact: Hoax. Like it? Share with your friends! Previous Post. Remember me. Forgot password? Don't have an account?
Agence France-Presse. Please share with as many women and men that you know. The email warns: "Please make sure you iron your undergarments before you wear them and make sure that your clothes are ironed when they are dry and not damp. The other pictures appear to be genuine, showing some kind of medical condition s , perhaps breast cancers, but definitely not infections caused by simply wearing unwashed undergarments. Digital and print license bundle.
Parasites in womens breasts. What are some of the symptoms of human parasites?
Zakary Irvin. Controlling the parasites and worms around the barns and pastures! Deonta Hillery. Johnna Kendrick. Conrad Kai. Paul F Davis. Robert Metras. Planned Parenthood Can Help. Francoise Tillery. What are "breast lumps"?
To Health. Special Edition with Stories of Breast Cancer. Lily Price. Trending Kurds. The Young Turks. Diarrhea or constipation.
Digestive complaints gas, bloating, cramps. Disturbed sleep. Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Overall fatigue. Persistent skin problems. Rectal itching. Teeth grinding. So it is time for Spring Cleaning! The basic 3 ingredients to rid the body of parasites are:. You must do the parasite cleanse as a family, otherwise you will be quickly re-infected. If you have pets, Dr. Clark also has a pet protocol. Treat them while you are doing the cleanse.
If you are on a healing journey with Breast Cancer, make sure you address the issue of human parasites since it is one of the causes of Internal Toxicity and Immune Stress. Your email address will not be published. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. With latest research, recipes, and motivational thoughts that will inspire and empower you.
My caring assistants and coaches are here to answer your questions and help you choose a program that best fits your goals. Talk to my assistants today! B reast H ealth A wareness M onth. Access to. Human Parasites. There are 4 main sources: We get them from unclean food. We get them from other people. I will never forget this true story about 2 Jewish men living in New York but were unrelated and lived several miles apart from each other.
However, they both ended up in the same hospital with severe headaches. MRI scans revealed Tape worm cysts in the brain.
[Breast-feeding and intestinal parasites].
Lymphatic filariasis caused by nematode parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia Malayi is endemic in the tropics. Lymph edema and elephantiasis are the predominant manifestations.
Its infrequent manifestation is in the breast. This paper discusses the epidemiology, reviews literature, imaging options and mammographic appearances of these parasitic nematodes. This prospective descriptive study reports on 39 cases of parasitic calcifications seen during mammography in the Radiology Department, University College Hospital between and in Ibadan, South West Nigeria. Parasitic calcifications were further evaluated for distribution, and types of calcification. A total of women had mammography done between and Thirty-nine women 7.
The ages of the women ranged between years - mean of The majority 31; Approximately half Pain Solitary calcifications were predominant 20 while only 3 cases had 10 calcifications. Left sided calcifications Parasitic breast calcifications can be misdiagnosed on mammography for suspicious micro-calcification.
This publication should alert radiologists in a tropical country like Nigeria to increase diagnostic vigilance thereby preventing unnecessary anxiety and invasive work-up procedures. In Nigeria, the epidemiology of the disease is complicated because of the multiplicity of the environmental conditions of the different regions [ 2 ].
In the past six decades, various levels of endemicity of filariasis have been documented in different parts of Nigeria including Benue, Plateau, Taraba, Oyo, and Bauchi states [ 2 — 4 ]. One out of every three sufferers of filariasis in the tropics lives in the Federal Republic of Nigeria [ 5 ]. Lymphatic filariasis is caused by the nematode parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia malayi. Other studies show filariasis due to Mansonella perstans and Mansonella streptocerca infections vastly recorded in different parts of Nigeria [ 6 ].
It is endemic throughout the tropics [ 7 ]. It is equally distributed in both sexes [ 8 ] and affects an estimated million people worldwide7. The predominant manifestations of the infection are caused by obstruction of the lymphatics which leads to lymphedema, hydrocele and elephantiasis.
An infrequent manifestation is lymphatic filariasis involving the female breast [ 10 — 13 ]. This study of mammographic findings in 39 women in Ibadan South West Nigeria with parasitic calcification of the breast is aimed at increasing the diagnostic vigilance for the parasites thereby preventing misdiagnosis for suspicious micro-calcifications in a country that is endemic for the disease. A prospective descriptive study carried out in the Radiology Department of the University College Hospital between and Thirty-nine 39 women were involved, out of women who presented for both screening and diagnostic mammography.
Informed consent was obtained from the identified women; after which an assisted questionnaire was administered before a physical examination was performed. Additional Spot magnification views were also obtained for evaluation of these calcifications. Details of distribution and types of calcification as well as demographics of the women with the parasitic calcifications were described. Breast ultrasound scan was additionally performed with a linear-array, 10 MHz transducer. A total of women had mammography done between The ages of the women ranged between years with a mean of The majority 31 About half of the women However pain The four quadrants of the breast were involved in only one patient.
Two-thirds The women were predominantly of the Yoruba tribe The size of the calcifications ranged between mm. Whole breast ultrasound was performed on all women but showed no abnormality. Filariasis is uncommon in developed countries; where it is seen occasionally in travel immigrants from endemic areas of the disease [ 9 , 14 ].
It is endemic in the tropics where Nigeria is situated. In Oyo state, four major rivers flow through one of the local government areas in a north to south direction, the Ogun, Oyan, Ofiki and Opeki and these have been documented as Simulium breeding sites [ 16 ].
A detailed history revealed that the women are domiciled in Ogun, Ondo, Lagos and Ibadan which are in the South West geopolitical zone of Nigeria [ 17 ]. A history of previous community screening for the disease was elicited with endemicity of filarial disease in the towns of their nativity but no form of treatment for the disease was obtained from the women [ 3 , 16 ].
Though peripheral blood film was negative for microfilaria in these women making clinical diagnosis difficult. However a negative peripheral blood smear does not preclude the diagnosis of filariasis.
This was confirmed in a study conducted by Ogunba [ 18 ] in Nigerians infected with loa loa, with up to half of the cases with low peripheral microfilaria levels. No biopsy was performed in the patients. Fredman and Kalisher [ 9 ], reported transmission of filariasis by means of a bite from a mosquito that has previously bitten an infected host. The mosquito then deposits infective larvae on the skin.
The larvae migrate through the puncture wound to reach the subcutaneous vessels where they mature into the adults over a period of 6-months to 2 years. The patient's infection can remain dormant for decades which are likely in these women. The adult worms mate and produce microfilaria which circulates in the blood stream with a periodicity that generally matches the feeding habits of the mosquito vector [ 14 ].
The life cycle is completed when the microfilaria are ingested by the mosquito. The other variant B. Malayi is responsible for infection in parts of Asia [ 14 ].
The clinical presentation of the infection is due to lymphatic dysfunction, inflammation and obstruction. Later, this region drained by the local lymphatic system is prone to secondary bacteria and superficial fungal infection resulting in further lymphatic damage the so-called granulomatous lymphangitis and may lead to skin changes called elephantiasis [ 7 , 9 , 14 ].
The breast is a recognized though infrequent site of involvement [ 14 ]. In the breast, granulomatous lymphangitis develops in the tissue adjacent to the lymphatic vessel [ 11 ] and eventually block the vessels which are soon replaced with fibrous tissue [ 8 ] and the patient may present with a palpable breast mass, the filarial granuloma or mass and microcalcifications.
However, none of these patients presented with a palpable mass rather, their mammograms demonstrated tortuous, ring like microcalcifications like the report by Chow et al [ 14 ]. The above typical mammographic appearance and endemicity of the disease supported the diagnosis of filariasis.
Filarial calcifications of the breast can be found anywhere in the breast including the nipple and the retroareolar region [ 8 ]. This is reiterated in our patients, where calcifications were found in virtually all the quadrants within the breast parenchyma as well as in the retroareolar region.
However, their mammographic features differ from the nematodal infections caused by Onchocerca volvulus Onchoceriasis , loa loa and Trichinella spiralis trichinosis [ 19 ]. The filarial infection of O. While Wuchereria bancrofti reside in the breast parenchyma, onchocerca volvulus organisms are found in spaces just beneath the skin epithelium and occasionally in lymphatic vessels and lymph nodes where their calcifications form intricate tangles [ 8 ].
The calcifications of loiasis differ from those of W. Loiasis may also appear as hair-like whorls of calcifications.
Records show that the skin over the parasitic nodule may be hyperaemic with changes of peau d'orange and axillary nodal enlargement which may mimic a suspicious breast lesion. These skin and axillary changes are known features of breast cancer and could lead to a misdiagnosis in our setting where mammographic breast imaging is in its infancy.
On the overall, benign dystrophic calcifications common in the breast can also be differentiated from those of parasitic diseases on the bases of their coarse, dense and irregular appearance [ 8 ]. Chen and Xie [ 10 ] also warned that foci of calcification of worm are frequent presentation rather than the occasional calcifications of the whole and entire worms. These foci of calcifications could simulate suspicious comedo calcifications and could be wrongly treated as a cancer.
Previously, the full worm calcifications were considered intermediate; which led to localization and excision biopsy [ 14 ]. Recent advances in breast Imaging has made sonomammography invaluable adjunct in the evaluation of breast disease considering its usefulness in the evaluation of the axilla.
There is however a dearth of literature of this imaging tool in the assessment of filarial disease. Evaluation of the breasts with sonography confirmed no definite mass and demonstrated no calcifications, reaffirming the latter's insensitivity in the evaluation of calcifications in breast disease and making mammography  the gold standard for screening.
One of the complications of excisional biopsy is the appearance of residual calcifications in follow-up mammograms. The residual micro-calcifications of degenerating and calcifying nematodes may also be confused with malignant calcification [ 14 ].
It is therefore important that filarial calcifications are critically assessed, diagnosed accurately and properly categorized to avoid an unnecessary, expensive, invasive procedure like excision biopsy. This paper illustrates that wormlike calcifications are also visible on mammograms. Radiologists should be aware of the endemic nature of filariasis in the country. As routine mammography becomes available in Nigeria, there is a need for a high level of suspicion for parasitic calcifications in the breast parenchyma in mammographic images so that the infection will not be misdiagnosed for a malignant breast lesion.
We wish to thank all the residents in the department of Radiology, involved in the retrieval of the mammograms for evaluation; radiographers especially Ada Odita and Mrs.
Adepoju as well as the dark room technicians for their contributions. Analysing the data: Adenike Temitayo Adeniji-Sofoluwe. Millicent Olubunmi Obajimi, Abideen Olayiwola Oluwasola and Adenike Temitayo Adeniji-Sofoluwe drafted the article, revised critically for important intellectual content; and final version to be published. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.
Pan Afr Med J. Published online Aug 8. Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Received Jun 12; Accepted Jul This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Introduction Lymphatic filariasis caused by nematode parasite Wuchereria bancrofti and Brugia Malayi is endemic in the tropics.