Castration how to-What is chemical castration, how does it work and was it used on Michael Jackson?

Castration also known as orchidectomy is any action, surgical , chemical , or otherwise, by which an individual loses use of the testicles : the male gonad. Surgical castration is bilateral orchidectomy excision of both testes , and chemical castration uses pharmaceutical drugs to deactivate the testes. Castration causes sterilization preventing the castrated person or animal from reproducing ; it also greatly reduces the production of certain hormones , such as testosterone. Surgical castration in animals is often called neutering. The term castration is sometimes also used to refer to the removal of the ovaries in the female, otherwise known as an oophorectomy or, in animals, spaying.

Castration how to

Shin Jr Animal Scientist. Because this can occur following recovery from anesthesia, you need to watch the incision during the first 24 hours for protruding tissue. Viet Bao. Hi Lucy.

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A large amount of trade between Guangdong and Vietnam happened during his reign. Updated: August 16, These criminologists also argue that police investigators treating castrated men as less likely to reoffend than Ebony wolf medallion men may cause an investigation bias Castration how to self-fulfilling prophecy. Castration is also called neutering. However, the Deetman Commission had rejected Castration how to as the person who reported the incident admitted it was speculative. It may also be performed on someone who does not desire, or cannot afford, further surgery. Tetanus shot may be required as there is risk of infection as the scrotum atrophies and sloughs off. This sissy absolutely loves it here! What age is best to castrate? The New York Times.

M ost horse industry circles agree: Geld male horses young, u nless they are gifted with athletic or genetic greatness and destined for breeding careers.

  • Castrating bulls or bull calves is desexing a male animal.
  • A transgender woman in North Derbyshire was so determined to have sex reassignment surgery, she performed a DIY castration.
  • A castrated bull is commonly referred to as a steer.

M ost horse industry circles agree: Geld male horses young, u nless they are gifted with athletic or genetic greatness and destined for breeding careers.

Anthony Blikslager, DVM, PhD, professor of equine surgery at North Carolina State University, in Raleigh, says horse owners often base castration approaches on tradition, but he suggests they are are better served by working with their veterinarians to choose the right time and method for each horse.

When to Do It? Blikslager prefers to castrate young stallions when they are about 1 year old because he says the surgery is usually simpler and poses less risk for complications than when the horse is older.

Mature stallions have larger testicles and blood vessels, which can make the procedure problematic. Some owners prefer to castrate horses as foals, which can mean fewer stabling, training, and behavioral issues.

Gelded youngsters can be managed together, instead of in separate groups, and are easier to handle than young stallions. This eliminates the need to keep the horse active post-castration, as you must do with an older horse.

This is all related to testosterone and closing of the growth plates. Sheerin prefers autumn castrations and also suggests avoiding winter, mainly for veterinarian comfort. Standing Up or Lying Down Whether performed at a surgical facility or on the farm, there are two ways to castrate horses, explains Sheerin: Standing and sedated or anesthetized and lying down.

Both methods offer pros and cons. With standing castrations, you avoid any potential issues associated with putting a horse under general anesthesia. However, using proper sedation and analgesia e. But on the whole, Connally says he believes standing castration is generally safer for the horse.

Sheerin, on the other hand, performs all his castrations with the horse lying down. This attitude change typically makes for a mellower horse, yet takes several weeks to months to take effect. During castration, the veterinarian makes an incision in the skin over each testicle. After making the incision s , the veterinarian removes the testicles using an emasculator—a tool that cuts through the spermatic cord the tubelike structure comprised of the cremaster muscle, blood supply, ductus deferens, and nerve supply to the testicle , crushing the vessels providing blood to the testicles—as well as cm of cord to ensure no testosterone-producing tissue gets left behind.

Castration Aftercare After the procedure the veterinarian and owner must monitor the recovering horse closely. There are too many things that might go wrong. Packing puts pressure on the blood vessel and the bleeding will stop, and the gauze can be taken out in a day or so. Sheerin tells clients to keep the horse confined for the first 12 to 24 hours following surgery to make sure the blood clots well in the area.

After this initial period, however, the horse must get moving. Many veterinarians recommend 15 minutes of longeing once or twice a day for two weeks after castration.

Managing pain and inflammation is important as well, so that the horse will be comfortable enough to exercise and stave off swelling. Sheerin suggests administering anti-inflammatory drugs flunixin meglumine Banamine or phenylbutazone Bute for this purpose.

What Can Go Wrong? Veterinarians address hemorrhage by clamping off or ligating the offending vessel. ACVS, clinical assistant professor of equine surgery at North Carolina State University, says normal swelling in the surgical area—starting in the sheath—usually occurs three to four days after the initial surgery.

This could indicate a hematoma, infection of the spermatic cord, or hernia. Other signs of spermatic cord infection are fever and anorexia. In such cases your veterinarian should examine the surgical site and can detect the problem using palpation, a white blood cell count, or ultrasound. Because this can occur following recovery from anesthesia, you need to watch the incision during the first 24 hours for protruding tissue.

A few complications can arise, however, and you should discuss these possibilities with your veterinarian beforehand. Heather Smith Thomas ranches with her husband near Salmon, Idaho, raising cattle and a few horses. She has a B. Besides having her own blog, www. Castration: The When and How Science trumps tradition when it comes to gelding male horses. Favorite Share:. Photo: Bruce Connally. About The Author. Related Posts. Dead space. Search Search for:. Weekly Poll:. Do you clip your performance horse during winter?

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Comments What is the tool that crushes the cords and then cuts them? Records of castrations in China date to the Shang dynasty ca. In domestic pigs the taint, called boar taint , is caused by androstenone and skatole concentrations stored in the fat tissues of the animal after sexual maturity. This service is invaluable to us sissies so that we may express our sexuality. Archived from the original on 25 February As you get your testosterone and DHT under control on our Transfemme Program any male pattern baldness, receding hairline, will decrease or go away completely leaving you with thick, long and healthy hair. The House is there like a beacon in the darkness.

Castration how to

Castration how to

Castration how to

Castration how to. Questions? Fears?

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Castration of Calves

There are two reasons to castrate a male pig: behavior and meat quality. Uncastrated male pigs, called boars, are known for aggression. Boars will bite, shove and jump on other pigs. Boars can also be hard for workers to handle, and boar aggression can be a risk to worker safety. Castrating a male pig will reduce these behaviors. Boar taint is associated with the hormones produced naturally in uncastrated male pigs.

Scientists think the odor evolved to attract female pigs. Castrated male pigs, called barrows, do not have testicles, so they cannot produce these sex hormones. The castration process has many steps and should only be done by a person with training and experience with pigs. Male pigs are castrated using a disinfected surgical knife. A trained worker or veterinarian holds the pig and makes an incision above each testicle. The testicle is pushed through the scrotal sac.

The person doing the procedure is careful to break the testicular cords properly. It is important not to cause a hernia in the pig. The wound is then sprayed with an antiseptic. If a producer waits longer than 14 days, AVMA recommends that pigs be castrated at least five days before weaning. Castrating very young pigs is important for several reasons. Young pigs are also small enough that one person can safely perform the procedure. Studies have also shown that younger pigs show fewer signs of pain during castration.

Some pig producers use anesthesia or analgesics to reduce pain from castration. Though anesthesia may be used in some laboratory procedures, it is not common in modern swine production.

Though analgesics and anesthesia are not officially approved in the U. Many pig producers do not use analgesics and anesthesia. These painkillers can be costly, and some are not practical to use in a commercial setting.

AVMA does recommend that pigs castrated after 14 days of age be given anesthesia or analgesics. In the United States, nearly percent of male pigs are castrated. However, some countries handle castration differently. One alternative is to harvest male pigs at a younger age. Boar taint does not usually affect meat until the boar nears sexual maturity. Immuno-castration works by telling the body to create antibodies against a male sex hormone.

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Castration how to

Castration how to